The Falkland Islands are situated in the South Atlantic , 400 miles form the coast of South America and 850 miles north of the Antarctic circle . They are located between latitude 51º and 53º S, roughly the same latitude south as London is north.

The Falkland Islands are made up of approximately 740 islands, the main two being East and West Falklands, with the total land mass covering around 4,700 sq miles, or about the same size as Wales . The British first claimed the islands in 1592 when sighted by Captain John Davis of the Desire.